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Lorus Therapeutics Enrolls First Patient in Phase I Clinical Study of Anticancer Drug LOR-253
TORONTO, ONTARIO--(Jan. 13, 2011) - Lorus Therapeutics Inc. (TSX:LOR)(OTCBB:LRUSF) ("Lorus"), a biopharmaceutical company specializing in the discovery, research and development of pharmaceutical products and technologies for the management of cancer, today announced the enrollment of the first cancer patient in a Phase I clinical study evaluating its small molecule anticancer drug candidate LOR-253.
The open-label, dose escalation study will enroll patients with advanced or metastatic solid tumors for which no effective therapy is currently available, or whose cancer has not responded to conventional or standard therapies. The primary objectives of the study are to determine the maximum tolerated dose and recommended Phase II dose of LOR-253. Additional study objectives include the safety profile, anti-tumor activity, and pharmacokinetics of LOR-253. The study will be conducted under the direction of Dr. Andrea Cercek and Dr. Leonard Saltz in New York City at the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, which is a recognized world leader in the investigation of novel cancer therapies.
The study plans to enroll approximately 22-37 patients during the dose escalation stage. In addition, up to 10 patients will be added at the recommended Phase II dose level for assessment of tumor biomarkers related to the anticancer mechanism of LOR-253. Preference will be given to enrolment of patients with colorectal cancer and non-small cell lung cancer in this expanded treatment group, based on the strong anticancer efficacy of LOR-253 against these cancer types in preclinical studies.
LOR-253 is a first in class drug, being the first clinical-stage compound to stimulate KLF-4, a tumor suppressor factor which is characteristically deficient in a variety of cancers, including colorectal cancer and lung cancer, and so represents a new approach to cancer therapy.
"This is an important milestone for the development of LOR-253, as the first clinical stage drug from our very active small molecule discovery program," said Dr. Aiping Young, Lorus' President and CEO. "We hope the highly tumor-specific nature of the target will also translate into a superior safety profile."
LOR-253 represents a new class of anticancer agent, which we believe may offer a competitive advantage over classical drugs. The drug has shown selective and potent antitumor activity in preclinical investigations with a variety of human cancers, including colon cancer and non-small cell lung cancer, and has demonstrated an excellent therapeutic window due to its low toxicity. LOR-253 is a first-in-class small molecule that has been optimized to inhibit a novel cancer target Metal-Responsive Transcription Factor 1 (MTF-1). MTF-1 is overexpressed in selective cancer indications and its downregulation by LOR-253 results in induction of the novel tumor suppressor called Krüppel-like factor 4 (KLF4), leading to the downregulation of cyclin D1, an important regulator of cell cycle progression and cell proliferation. MTF-1 downregulation also results in decreased expression of genes involved in the adaptation of tumors to hypoxia (low oxygen content) and angiogenesis. Increased angiogenesis and alterations in the cyclin D1 regulatory pathway have been linked to the development of cancer. LOR-253 represents the first molecule among Lorus' portfolio of compounds with distinct and rational profiles selective for these targets.
Lorus is a biopharmaceutical company focused on the research and development of novel therapeutics in cancer. Lorus' goal is to capitalize on its research, preclinical, clinical and regulatory expertise by developing new drug candidates that can be used, either alone, or in combination with other drugs, to successfully manage cancer. The Company also has expertise in antimicrobial drug discovery. Lorus Therapeutics Inc. is listed on the Toronto Stock Exchange under the symbol LOR and on the OTCBB under the symbol LRUSF.
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